From € 47English
Acropolis Guided Walking Tour
MORE INFO & BUY ONLINE
The Parthenon on the Acropolis was built in octastyle Doric with Ionic architectural features. The temple was constructed during the High Classical period, and as an architectural sculpture, it is considered the peak of the development of the Doric order. The Parthenon temple was built under the supervision of the sculptor Phidias by the architects Callicrates and Ictinus in the mid – 5th century BC. The work began in 447 BC, and the Parthenon was completed by 438. At the same time, the exterior decoration of the Parthenon temple continued until 432 BC.
Before the Parthenon we know was built, inhabitants of Athens worshipped at an Older Parthenon. This Older Parthenon was destroyed by the Persians During their invasion into the Athenian territory. That is one of the reasons why the Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens was built. The Parthenon Acropolis was dedicated to Athena Parthenos, the ancient Greek goddess of wisdom, handicraft, and warfare. The Parthenon was used as a house of worship and also as a treasury by the Athenian Empire. During the centuries after the Greek civilization collapsed, the Parthenon was used as a place of worship. The Ottomans converted the temple into a mosque, and Christians converted the Parthenon into a church consecrated for the Virgin Mary.